Jenis dan Spesifikasi Kapal Perang Dunia

Jenis dan Spesifikasi Kapal Perang Dunia

2. Amphibious Assault Ships
2.1 Amphibious Assault Ships (LHA/LHD)
Kapal terbesar untuk operasi amfibi, hampir mirip dengan kapal induk kecil. dapat berfungsi Vertical/Short Take-Off dan Landing (V/STOL), Short Take-Off Vertical Landing (STOVL), Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) tilt-rotor dan Rotary Wing (RW) aircraft operations; mempunyai dek yang dapat digunakan untuk mendaratkan pesawat, Air Cushioned (LCAC) dan watercraft (kecuali produksi awal LHA(R) class ships, LHA 6 dan LHA 7, yang tidak mempunya well deck). LHA 8 mempunyai well deck.

Classes
LHA(R) Class LHA (6)
Builder: Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc., Ingalls Operations, Pascagoula, Miss.
Date Deployed: Scheduled for delivery to the fleet in 2013.
Propulsion: Two marine gas turbines, two shafts, 70,000 total brake horsepower, two 5,000 horsepower auxiliary propulsion motors.
Length: 844 feet (257.3 meters).
Beam: 106 feet (32.3 meters).
Displacement: Approximately 44,971 long tons full load (45,695 metric tons).
Speed: 20+ knots.
Crew: 1,059 (65 officers)
Load: 1,687 troops (plus 184 surge).
Armament: Two RAM launchers; two NATO Sea Sparrow launchers (with Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM)); two 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts; seven twin .50 cal. machine guns.
Aircraft: A mix of: F-35B Joint Strike Fighters (JSF) STOVL aircraft; MV-22 Osprey VTOL tiltrotors; CH-53E Sea Stallion helicopters; UH-1Y Huey helicopters; AH-1Z Super Cobra helicopters; MH-60S Seahawk helicopters.
Homeport: PCU America (LHA 6), No homeport – under construction; PCU Tripoli (LHA 7), No homeport, under construction.

[learn_more caption=”LHA(R)”]
PCU America (LHA6), No homeport – Under Construction[/learn_more]

Wasp Class
Builder: Northrop Grumman Ship Systems Ingalls Operations, Pascagoula, MS.
Date Deployed: July 29, 1989 (USS Wasp)
Propulsion: (LHDs 1�7) two boilers, two geared steam turbines, two shafts, 70,000 total brake horsepower; (LHD 8) two gas turbines, two shafts; 70,000 total shaft horsepower, two 5,000 horsepower auxiliary propulsion motors.
Length: 844 feet (253.2 meters).
Beam: 106 feet (31.8 meters).
Displacement: LHDs 1-4: 40,650 tons full load (41,302.3 metric tons)
LHDs 5-7: 40,358 tons full load (41,005.6 metric tons)
LHD 8: 41,772 tons full load (42,442.3 metric tons).
Speed: 20+ knots (23.5+ miles per hour).
Crew: Ships Company: 66 officers, 1,004 enlisted
LHD 8: 65 officers, 994 enlisted
Marine Detachment: 1,687 troops (plus 184 surge).
Armament: Two RAM launchers; two NATO Sea Sparrow launchers; three 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts (two on LHD 5-8); four .50 cal. machine guns; four 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns (LHD 5-8 have three 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns).
Aircraft: 12 CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters; 4 CH-53E Sea Stallion helicopters; 6 AV-8B Harrier attack aircraft; 3 UH-1N Huey helicopters; 4 AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters. (planned capability to embark MV-22 Osprey VTOL tilt-rotors).
Landing/Attack Craft: 3 LCACs or 2 LCUs.
[learn_more caption=”Wasp Class”]

USS Wasp (LHD 1), Norfolk, VA
USS Essex (LHD 2), Sasebo, Japan
USS Kearsarge (LHD 3), Norfolk, VA
USS Boxer (LHD 4), San Diego, CA
USS Bataan (LHD 5), Norfolk, VA
USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6), San Diego, CA
USS Iwo Jima (LHD 7), Norfolk, VA
USS Makin Island (LHD 8), San Diego, CA[/learn_more]

Tarawa Class
Builder: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, MS.
Date Deployed: May 29, 1976 (USS Tarawa)
Propulsion: Two boilers, two geared steam turbines, two shafts, 70,000 total shaft horsepower.
Length: 820 feet (249.9 meters).
Beam: 106 feet (31.8 meters).
Displacement: 39,400 tons (40,032 metric tons) full load.
Speed: 24 knots (27.6 miles per hour).
Crew: Ships Company: 82 officers, 882 enlisted
Marine Detachment 1,900 plus.
Armament: Two RAM launchers; two Phalanx 20 mm CIWS mount; three .50 cal. machine guns; four 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns.
Aircraft: 12 CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters; 4 CH-53E Sea Stallion helicopters; 6 AV-8B Harrier attack aircraft; 3 UH-1N Huey helicopters; 4 AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters.
Landing/Attack Craft: 4 LCUs or 2 LCUs and 1 LCAC.

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[learn_more caption=”Tarawa Class”]
USS Nassau (LHA 4), Norfolk, VA
USS Peleliu (LHA 5), San Diego, CA[/learn_more]

2.2 Amphibious Command Ships (LCC)
Amphibious Command ships menyediakan command and control untuk komandan armada (fleet comander)

Classes
Blue Ridge Class
Builder: Philadelphia Naval Shipyard – LCC 19
Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co. – LCC 20.
Propulsion: Two boilers, one geared turbine, one shaft; 22,000 horsepower.
Length: 634 feet (190 meters).
Beam: 108 feet (32 meters).
Displacement: 18,874 tons (19,176.89 metric tons) full load.
Speed: 23 knots (26.5 miles, 42.4 km, per hour).
Crew: 34 officers, 564 enlisted.
Aircraft: All helicopters except the CH-53 Sea Stallion can be carried.

[learn_more caption=”Blue Ridge Class”]
USS Blue Ridge (LCC 19), Yokosuka, Japan
USS Mount Whitney (LCC 20), Gaeta, Italy[/learn_more]

2.3 Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)
Amphibious transport dock ships adalah kapal perang yang membarkasikan, mentransport, dan menurunkan elemen darat (kekuatan pendarat) untuk berbagai misi expeditionary.

Classes
San Antonio Class
Builder: Huntington Ingalls Industries
Propulsion: Four sequentially turbocharged marine Colt-Pielstick Diesels, two shafts, 41,600 shaft horsepower.
Length: 684 ft
Beam: 105 ft
Displacement: Approximately 24,900 long tons (25,300 metric tons) full load
Draft: 23 ft
Speed: In excess of 22 knots (24.2 mph, 38.7 kph)
Crew: Ship’s Company: 360 Sailors (28 officers, 332 enlisted) and 3 Marines. Embarked Landing Force: 699 (66 officers, 633 enlisted); surge capacity to 800.
Armament: Two Bushmaster II 30 mm Close in Guns, fore and aft; two Rolling Airframe Missile launchers, fore and aft: ten .50 calibre machine guns.
Aircraft: Launch or land two CH53E Super Stallion helicopters or two MV-22 Osprey tilt rotor aircraft or up to four CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters, AH-1 or UH-1 helicopters.
Landing/Attack Craft: Two LCACs or one LCU; and 14 Expeditionary Fighting Vehicles/Amphibious Assault Vehicles

[learn_more caption=”San Antonio Class”]
USS San Antonio (LPD 17), Norfolk, VA
USS New Orleans (LPD 18), San Diego, CA
USS Mesa Verde (LPD 19), Norfolk, VA
USS Green Bay (LPD 20), San Diego, CA
USS New York (LPD 21), Norfolk, VA
USS San Diego (LPD 22), San Diego, CA – Christened June 12, 2010.
USS Anchorage (LPD 23), San Diego – Christened May 14, 2011, Commissioned May 4, 2013
USS Arlington (LPD 24), Norfolk, Va. – Christened March 26, 2011, Comissioned April 6, 2013
PCU Somerset (LPD 25), Under construction
PCU John P. Murtha (LPD 26) – under construction – San Diego, CA.
PCU Portland (LPD-27), Authorized for US Navy construction[/learn_more]

Austin class
Builder: LPD 4-6, New York Naval Shipyard
LPD 7 and LPD 8, Ingalls Shipbuilding
LPD 9, 10, 12-15, Lockheed Shipbuilding.
Date Deployed: Feb. 6, 1965 (USS Austin)
Unit Cost: $235-419 million.
Propulsion: Two boilers, two steam turbines, two shafts, 24,000 shaft horsepower.
Length: 570 feet (171 meters).
Beam: 84 feet (25.2 meters).
Displacement: Approximately 17,000 tons (17,272.82 metric tons) full load.
Speed: 21 knots (24.2 mph, 38.7 kph).
Crew: Ship’s Company: 420 (24 officers, 396 enlisted), Marine Detachment: 900.
Armament: Two 25mm Mk 38 guns; two Phalanx CIWS; and eight .50-calibre machine guns.
Aircraft: Up to six CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters.

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[learn_more caption=”Austin Class”]

 


USS Cleveland (LPD 7), San Diego, CA
USS Denver (LPD 9), Sasebo, Japan
USS Dubuque (LPD 8), San Diego, CA[/learn_more]

2.4  Command Ships (AGF) kapal latih tiang tinggi
General Characteristics
Builder: Col. George Claghorn, Edmond Harrt’s Shipyard, Boston, MA.
Date Deployed: October 21, 1797.
Unit Cost: $302,718 (1797 dollars).
Propulsion: 42,710 sq. ft. of sail on three masts.
Length: 204 feet (62.16 meters) (billet head to taffrail); 175 feet at waterline (53.32 meters).
Height: Mast height: foremast, 198 feet (60.33 meters); mainmast, 220 feet (67.03 meters); mizzenmast, 172.5 feet (52.56 meters).
Beam: 43.5 feet (13.25 meters).
Displacement: 2,200 tons.
Speed: 13+ knots (approx. 14.95 miles per hour, 24 km. per hour).
Crew: 450 including 55 Marines and 30 boys (1797).
Armament: 32 24-pounder long guns; 20 32-pounder carronades; and, two 24-pounder bow chasers.
Landing/Attack Craft: One 36-ft. long boat; two 30-ft. cutters, two 28-ft. whaleboats; one 28-ft. gig; one 22-ft. jolly boat; and one 14-ft. punt. Anchors: Two main bowers (5300 lbs.); one sheet anchor (5400 lbs.); one stream anchor (1100 lbs.); and two kedge anchors (400 to 700 lbs).
Homeport: Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, MA.

2.5 Dock Landing Ships (LSD)
Dock Landing Ships mendukung operasi amfibi termasuk Via Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC), conventional landing craft and helicopters, terhadap pantai musuh

Classes
Harpers Ferry Class
Builder: Avondale Industries Inc., New Orleans, LA.
Date Deployed: 7 January 1995 (USS Harpers Ferry)
Propulsion: Four Colt Industries, 16 Cylinder Diesels, two shafts, 33,000 shaft horsepower.
Length: 609 feet (185.6 meters).
Beam: 84 feet.
Displacement: 16,708 tons (16,976.13 metric tons) full load.
Speed: 20+ knots (23.5+ miles per hour).
Crew: Ships Company: 22 officers, 397 enlisted; Marine Detachment: 402 plus 102 surge.
Armament: Two 25mm MK 38 Machine Guns, Two 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts and Six .50 cal. machine guns, two Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) mounts.
Landing/Attack Craft: Two Landing Craft, Air Cushion.

[learn_more caption=”Harpers Ferry Class”]

USS Harpers Ferry (LSD 49), San Diego, CA
USS Carter Hall (LSD 50), Little Creek, VA
USS Oak Hill (LSD 51), Little Creek, VA
USS Pearl Harbor (LSD 52), San Diego, CA[/learn_more]

Whidbey Island Class
Builder: Lockheed Shipbuilding, Seattle, Wa. – LSD 41-43
Avondale Shipyards, New Orleans, LA – LSD 44 – LSD 48.
Date Deployed: Feb. 9, 1985 (USS Whidbey Island)
Propulsion: Four Colt Industries, 16 Cylinder Diesels, two shafts, 33,000 shaft horsepower.
Length: 609 feet (185.6 meters).
Beam: 84 feet.
Displacement: 15,939 tons (16,194.79 metric tons) full load.
Speed: 20+ knots (23.5+ miles per hour).
Crew: Ships Company: 22 officers, 391 enlisted; Marine Detachment: 402 plus 102 surge.
Armament: Two 25mm MK 38 Machine Guns; Two 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts and Six .50 cal. machine guns, two Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) mounts.
Landing/Attack Craft: Four Landing Craft, Air Cushion.

[learn_more caption=”Whidbey Island Class”]
USS Whidbey Island (LSD 41), Little Creek, VA
USS Germantown (LSD 42), Sasebo, Japan
USS Fort McHenry (LSD 43), Little Creek, VA
USS Gunston Hall (LSD 44), Little Creek, VA
USS Comstock (LSD 45), San Diego, CA
USS Tortuga (LSD 46), Sasebo, Japan
USS Rushmore (LSD 47), San Diego, CA
USS Ashland (LSD 48), Little Creek, VA[/learn_more]

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